Lead story photograph source: Space X-d.
Today, Elon Musks’ Space X took one small step for mankind (Space X-a). A dress rehearsal for the first United States (U.S.) manned space flight in eight years. Manned space flight by N.A.S.A. has been ceased since July 8, 2011 (N.A.S.A. 2011). The U.S. tax payers have been paying $80 million U.S. Dollars (U.S.D.) per seat to Russia in order to launch and fly humans to the International Space Station (I.S.S.) since July 8, 2011 (Klotz, 2015). Russia has decided to discontinue this option to deliver astronauts to the I.S.S. for N.A.S.A. The final flight of all associated contracts to shuttle U.S. astronauts to the I.S.S. is planned for April 2019 (Bachman, 2018).
Today, Space X launched their Falcon 9 rocket with a dummy human named Ripley (in reference to Signourney Weavers’ Ripley character in the Movie the “Alien,” conceived and crafted by Legendary motion picture Director Ridley Scott) embedded with sensors, primarily isolated on the neck and spine, to monitor launch and flight conditions. A typical Falcon 9 launch will cost $62 million U.S.D. with a standard payment plan, according to Space X-b. The Space X Falcon 9 rocket is a two-stage reusable rocket (Space X-c). Falcon 9 rocket (source) image (Space X-c).
If approved by N.A.S.A., Space X has a tentative plan to launch the first U.S. manned space flight in eight years in July 2019. The broad strokes plan for manned space flight by Space X is earth orbit followed by the Moon and Mars, according the Space X Founder and Chief Executive Officer (C.E.O.) Elon Musk (Source: National Broadcasting Company Nightly News, 3/2/2019).
The last U.S. human shuttle launch for N.A.S.A. was Space Transport Systems-135 (S.T.S.-135) commanded by astronaut Christopher Ferguson on July 8, 2011, which had a thirteen day mission duration (N.A.S.A., 2011).
Great Job Space X, Elon Musk and N.A.S.A!!!!!!!
Image and photograph sources (N.A.S.A., 2011).
You Tube video source Space X-a (2019).
Bachman, J. (2018, August 31). Russia To End U.S. Space Station Rides In April, Pressuring NASA. Bloomberg.
Klotz, I. (2015, August 5). NASA Extends Contract To Russia For Rides To Space Station. Reuters.
N.A.S.A. (2011, July 28). S.T.S 135 Crew. nasa.gov.
Space X-a. (2019). Crew DEMO-1 Mission. SpaceX.com
Space X-b. (2019). Capabilities and Services. SpaceX.com
Space X-c. (2019). Falcon 9. SpaceX.com.
Space X-d. (2017). First Re-Flight. SpaceX.com